Artificial Insemination

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infertility problems, insemination can improve the chances of pregnancy.

Donor sperm are used if the male partner is sterile, has an extremely low sperm count, or carries a risk of genetic disease. A woman planning to conceive without a male partner can also use donor sperm.

Prior to insemination, the sperm usually are washed and concentrated (placing unwashed sperm directly into the uterus can cause severe cramps). Concentration is accomplished by selectively choosing highly active, healthy sperm that are more capable of fertilizing an egg.

Intrauterine insemination (IUI)

Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is the placing of sperm into a woman's uterus when she is ovulating. This is achieved with a thin flexible tube (catheter) that is passed into the vagina, through the cervix, and into the uterus.

IUI can use sperm from the male partner or a donor. It is often combined with superovulation medicine to increase the number of available eggs.

Artificial insemination (AI)

Artificial insemination (AI) is another name for intrauterine insemination but can also refer to placing sperm in a woman's vagina or cervix when she is ovulating. The sperm then travel into the fallopian tubes, where they can fertilize the woman's egg or eggs.

Preparing Your Body for IUI -
Many couples make the decision to first try IUI without the benefit of fertility drugs.
This can work well for women who are not suffering from ovulation problems ...

AI can be done with sperm from the male partner or a donor, and can be combined with superovulation.

intracytoplasmic sperm injection.
  • There is a problem with a woman's cervix, as from prior surgery, that prevents sperm from traveling through it.
  • A woman does not have a male partner.
  • aging egg supply decreases pregnancy rate, and miscarriage risk increases with age).

    For couples with unexplained infertility, intrauterine insemination can improve the chances of becoming pregnant when combined with superovulation treatment.1

    If a man's sperm are absent, low in quantity, or poor in quality, intrauterine insemination may slightly improve the chances—by up to 10%—that the female partner will become pregnant.2

    Multiple pregnancy is high-risk for mother and fetuses. To learn more, see the topic Multiple Pregnancy: Twins or More.

    Insemination procedures pose a slight risk of infection.

    Some women experience severe cramping during insemination.

    There is a slight risk of puncturing the uterus during intrauterine insemination.

    There is a slight risk of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome if superovulation is used together with insemination.

    why wouldnt an iui work? please share your stories with me ...
    11 Jun 2012 ... ... on estrace 12dpiui neg still On to second iui Why wouldnt it work? ... everything
    possible to make it work, and when it still doesn't happen it ...

    There may be a higher risk of birth defects for babies conceived by certain assisted reproductive techniques. Talk with your doctor about these possible risks.

    human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
  • Frozen sperm are less effective than fresh sperm.
  • Citations

    By Healthwise Staff Primary Medical Reviewer Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine Specialist Medical Reviewer Femi Olatunbosun, MB, FRCSC - Obstetrics and Gynecology Current as of March 12, 2014

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    Artificial Insemination
    Font Size Insemination Procedures for Infertility Insemination Procedures for Infertility An insemination procedure uses a thin, flexible tube (catheter) to put sperm into the woman's reproductive tract.
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